Cost Action 18110 – Underground Built Heritage as catalyser for Community Valorisation

Case Studies 2019-2020

Naples (IT)

Host Institution: Institute for Studies on the Mediterranean (ISMed-CNR), Naples (IT)

Contact Person: Mr Giuseppe Pace

Description: More than 800 Modern Ages tuff caves used to build the city centre, 3000 water cisterns, 180 km of aqueducts and tunnels, catacombs, cemeteries, tombs, air-raid shelters, partially used as touristic attraction and partially reconverted. UNESCO List 1995 (cultural). Area: Rione Sanità – symbol of the poorest, most degraded character of Naples and the widespread presence of Camorra – attracted volunteer and humanitarian efforts for years in support of local population. Scale: Metropolitan city of Naples (3,1 M inh). Projects: “Napoli rione Sanità: una porta verso il futuro”. Funding: Public, private.

Description: Catacombs of San Gennaro, Naples (IT)
Author: Giuseppe Pace (2019)


La Union (ES)

Host Institution: University of Murcia (UMU), Murcia (ES)

Contact Person: Prof Susana Martinez-Rodriguez

Description: Historical mining site (3000 years) linked to the flamenco dance tradition, celebrated in the International Flamenco Songs of the Mine Festival. UNESCO List 2009 (immaterial), 2010. Area: Dismissed mining area in a poor district transformed in the cultural and touristic site of Mining Park of La Unión and Flamenco Museum of Mining. Scale: Regional (1,4 M inh). Projects: Ministry of Industry (2005-2008), National Program of complementary education of students: “Mining Park of La Unión and Flamenco Museum of Mining”, Regional Strategic Plan for the Region of Murcia (2015-2018).  Funding: Public.


Postojna (SI)

Host Institution: RDA Green Karst, Pivka (SI)

Contact Person: Mrs Dunja Mahne

Description: Multilevel caves (> 20.5 km) with historic entrances, unique habitat for troglobitic species, example of regeneration and valorisation. UNESCO submitted 2015 (natural). Area: Postojna Caves, managed by a joint-stock company under the Regulation on Concession and generate social, economic and cultural development. Scale: Regional (112.000 inh). Projects: Municipal Spatial Plan (2010) and the Regional Development Programme of Notranjsko-Kraška region (2007-2013/ 2014-2020). Funding: Public

Križna Cave – Calvary hill
Križna Cave – Calvary hill


Göreme – Cappadocia (TR)

Host Institution: Middle East Technical University (METU), Ankara (TR)

Contact Person: Muge Akkar Ercan

Description: Central Anatolia plateau, settled in a moonlike landscape of giant rock cones, housing historic cave-dwellings and Byzantine churches. UNESCO List 1985 (natural- cultural). Area: Göreme Open-Air Museum (1950), many successful regeneration interventions, generated a sustainable balance between heritage conservation, cultural tourism development and local community empowerment. Scale: Regional (Nevşehir province 300.000 inh). Projects: Long-term Development Plan (1981-2003), managed by the Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia. Funding: Public.

Description: Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia (Turkey)
Author: Umut Özdemir
Copyright: © Ministry of Culture and Tourism
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